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British 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians & Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry

£260.00
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British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 2
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 3
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 4
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 5
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 6
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 7
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 8
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 9
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 10
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 11
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 12
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 13
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 14
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 15
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 16
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 17
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 18
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 19
British Boer War 1888 Mk 1 Bayonet for the Lee Metford, Lothians and Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry 20
Description

Spear pointed unfullered blade, wood scale grips with two brass rivets and clearance hole. Steel pommel and hilt with short quillon and muzzle ring. Black leather Mk 1 scabbard with steel throat and chape.

The blade is stamped on one side of the ricasso with a crowned ‘V.R.’ over a production date of ‘9 ’95’, meaning September 1895. On the other side it is stamped with a broad arrow and ‘WD’, meaning War Department property, a crown inspection mark with ‘E’, meaning inspected at the Royal Small Arms Factory Enfield, and an ‘X’ which indicates that the blade passed a manufacturer’s bending test. The spine of the blade has another ‘E’ crown inspection mark, and each of the wood grip scales has one near the centre, between the two rivets.

The pommel is stamped on the locking button side with two broad arrows point-to-point, between the letters ‘C C’. The arrows are a mark that was put on War Department equipment that was declared obsolete or to be sold off. The other side is stamped with ‘I Y’ over ‘L & B’ over ‘378’. This indicates that this was bayonet number 378 used by the Lothian & Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry.

The scabbard leather is stamped with a broad arrow, a crown inspection stamp with ‘B’ for Birmingham, the production date ’96 and the same broad arrows & ‘C C’ mark seen on the pommel.

The East Lothian Yeomanry Cavalry was first raised in 1797 for defense against invasion by Napoleonic France, growing to four troops by 1803 but dwindling over the early 1800s until it was disbanded in 1838. It was revived in 1848 as the East Lothian Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry, and in 1888 became the Lothians and Berwickshire Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry. This regiment sent two contingents of mounted infantry as part of the Imperial Yeomanry to South Africa for the Second Boer War – the Lothians and Berwickshire forming the 19th Company within the 6th (Scottish) Battalion Imperial Scottish Yeomanry. 11 men of the regiment were killed in the Boer War, listed on an obelisk memorial in Dunbar.

In 1901 all Yeomanry regiments were made Imperial Yeomanry and equipped as mounted infantry with rifle and bayonet, and the regiment officially became the Lothians & Berwickshire Imperial Yeomanry – this bayonet most likely dates from this period. In 1908 the Imperial Yeomanry was disbanded and the regiment was transferred to the Territorial Force as the Lothians and Border Horse. This was divided up during WW1 and served with several units including the Royal Scots, 8th Mounted Brigade and the Salonika Force. After WW1 the regiment was converted to an armoured car company within the Tank Corps (later Royal Tank Corps), and in 1939 became a tank regiment within the Royal Armoured Corps.

In 1956 it merged with the Lanarkshire Yeomanry and the Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry to form the Queen's Own Lowland Yeomanry, which was disbanded in 1975. In 2014 the regiment was resurrected as E (Lothians and Border Horse) Squadron within the new Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry, based at Redford Barracks in Edinburgh.

The blade is bright with some polishing marks and specks of patination. Some patination to the hilt and pommel. Some light pitting and areas of patination to the scabbard fittings. Only light rubbing wear to the scabbard leather. The muzzle ring is slightly bent backwards towards the hilt, so I cannot guarantee this example will fit onto a rifle without modification.

 

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